One thing we often hear from Web developers and administrators, especially those who offer Web site design and consulting services, is the need to get a Web site up quickly, which runs fast and gives them total control of the server for maximum flexibility and scalability. Today's post offers a quick walkthrough on how to run a streaming media server on Amazon's EC2 Cloud using Microsoft's new Smooth Streaming technology. After you followed the steps in this walkthrough you will have a media site on the Internet.
Here are quick summary of the steps you have to follow:
- Sign up for Amazon EC2
- Start an "Microsoft Web Platform - Media Server" instance via the Amazon Web Services Management Console.
- Retrieve the Administrator password
- Have a look at the preconfigured media site
- Create your own Media content
1. Amazon EC2 Sign-up
Signing up for Amazon EC2 is a straightforward process. All you need is
- a valid e-mail address,
- a valid phone number you can be reached at (make sure the phone is nearby, you will be called during sign-up!),
- and a valid credit card number
The sign-up URL is http://aws.amazon.com/ec2. It’s even easier if you are already an Amazon customer because you can use your existing credit card information and e-mail address.
Note: Billing data verification usually happens within minutes. It might take a couple of hours though. Currently (April 2010) the error message you get is not very meaningful:
"It looks like you don't have an EC2 account*. To use the Amazon EC2 Console you must first sign up for Amazon EC2. It's quick & free to sign up."
Just be patient and wait for a little longer.
2. Starting an "Microsoft Web Platform – Media Server" Instance
Once you are signed up successfully you will have access to the Amazon EC2 Management Console. The URL is https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/home.
Once you are logged in make sure you switch your region to "US West". The Microsoft Web Platform images are currently only available in the US West region. Before we do anything lets set up the firewall rules (called Security Groups in Amazon lingo) for you Media Server instance.
Select the item "Security Groups" on the left hand side. Your existing Security Groups will show in the center pane. Click the "Create Security Group" button on top.
Name the new group you are about to create, for example "Microsoft Web Platform Firewall Rules".
You want to configure the following rules:
RDP is needed so you can connect via Remote Desktop to your Amazon EC2 instance. The current "Source (IP or group)" settings allows these connections from any IP address. Please lock down this settings if you have more stringent security requirements.
HTTP is needed so your customers can connect via HTTP your Amazon EC2 instance.
HTTPS is needed if you plan to use SSL. You don't need this setting if you do not plan to use SSL.
Port 8172 is opened to allow remote administration of IIS and publishing of content via Visual Studio 2010. You don't have to open port 8172 if you do not plan to use remote administration or remote content publishing.
Now we are ready to launch an EC2 Media Server instance.
Launching the Media Server Image
Now select "Community Images" in the resulting dialog.
In the next dialog page (Instance Details) you can select how much computing power you want to have for your Media Server instance. It’s probably prudent to start with the preselected option which is the smallest. Click the "Continue" button. Nothing to worry about on the next page either. Just click "Continue" at the bottom of the "Advanced Instance Options" dialog. Now we are getting to the "Create Key Pair" dialog.
If you already have a key, simply use it. If not you have to create one by entering a name for your key pair and clicking the "Create & Download Key Pair" button. As soon as you click the button a key pair will be created by Amazon an you are asked by your browser to download it. Save the file in a location where you will find it later. The key pair you created will allow you to decrypt the Administrator password that Amazon creates for your Medi Server instance. Click the "Continue" button.
Note: Internet Explorer might not show the download dialog that asks you where to save the key pair file. If that happens to you, please look for the file (<key pair name>.pem) in Internet Explorers Temporary Files folder. On Windows 7 search for *.pem in "%userprofile%\ AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files". Make sure you copy the .pem file to a more permanent directory .
Once you created your key pair you can configure firewall rules. You could for example only allow HTTP requests to the machine. Amazon calls firewall rules "Security Groups" which is a bit confusing if you ask me. For this demo we are picking the "default" Security Group which doesn't put any firewall restrictions on the instance. You might want to configure these settings to be a bit more restrictive later on.
Click "Continue" to move to the "Launch" page. The only thing left to do on the summary page is to press the big "Launch" button. Once you do that Amazon EC2 will spin up your personal virtual instance of our Media Server image. Good job. It's time to get some coffee. Spinning up your instance will take some time, usually around 3 to 5 minutes.
3. Retrieving the Administrator Password
After finishing the "Launch Instance" wizard you should be back on the main page of the AWS Management Console. Click the "Instances" link to figure out how your Media Server instance is doing.
You should see something like this:
Right click on the row and select the "Get Windows Password" menu item.
Now it's time to use the key pair file (<your key pair name>.PEM) that you created before. If the password is already available (you might have to wait a couple of minutes as said before) you will see the following dialog:
Open the .PEM file in notepad and copy it to the clipboard (Ctrl+A selects all, Ctrl+C copies it into the clipboard). Now paste the contents into the textbox of the dialog (Ctrl+V). Click the "Decrypt" button.
Note: Because decryption is a very CPU intensive operation you might run into the following security dialog if you use Internet Explorer: Contrary to intuition you have to press "No" to go on. You probably have to hit "No" a couple of times to get your password decrypted. More details on this security feature can be found here: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/175500
If you are interested in a more permanent fix you can execute the following command on command-line: reg add "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Styles" /v MaxScriptStatements /t REG_DWORD /d 0x5F5E100
By setting the MaxScriptStatements to 100,000,000 (0x5F5E100) I don't see any security popups anymore.
Once the password is decrypted write it down or copy it to the clipboard and close the dialog. Finally our Media Server instance is ready to go.
4. The Pre-configured Media site
Check it out, the web site is already running. All you need is to enter the DNS name of your EC2 instance into the browser. The AWS Management Console shows you the public DNS address. Just copy the address to the clipboard and paste it into your browsers address bar. If you need a more permanent DNS address you have to register a DNS name and also get an Elastic IP address from Amazon. But this is a story for another day.
Once you have done this it will take a few moments until the streaming of the video content starts (you might have to install the Silverlight plug-in however). Your browser should show something like this:
Connect via Remote Desktop
Now its time to look at how the site is configured to run Smooth Streaming files. For that we need to connect via the Remote Desktop Protocol to the the Media Server instance. Right click the instance and select "Connect".
Click "Download shortcut file" in the dialog that follows:
The file to be downloaded is an .RDP file that has all the right settings to connect you to the EC2 instance in the cloud. Click "Open" if you use IE or double click the file in Firefoxes Download window and a Remote Desktop session is established. When Remote Desktop asks you for credentials you simply enter the username "Administrator" and the password that we retrieved previously.
Once connected you will get logged on to the remote machine.
Smooth Streaming Content
Now open the c:\inetpub\wwwroot directory. You will see the following files:
The file extensions starting with .is* are the Smooth Streaming files in their different bandwidths. To get started on how to create your own Smooth Streaming files please go to http://www.iis.net/learn/media/on-demand-smooth-streaming/getting-started-with-iis-smooth-streaming.
The Microsoft.Web.Media.SmoothStreaming.dll assembly represents the media player that provides MediaElement capabilities and the SmoothStreamingSamplePlayer.xap file is the compilled Silverlight application that displays the Media Player. The two other files (iisstart.htm and iisstart.htm are the previous default documents in the wwwroot directory - you can delete them if you want.
Now let's quickly look into default.htm. The two important pieces are the source for the Silverlight app. If you have your own Silverlight player application you want to replace it with your .xap file. The mediaSource element is the second important setting in the default.htm. It represents the Smooth Streaming media stream.
One last thing. To manage your own Smooth Streaming presentations you have to configure them in the IIS Management Console. Open INETMGR from the "Run..." menu, select "Default Web Site" on the left tree view and select "Smooth Streaming" from the icons in the center. You get the following dialog that allows you to manage your presentations:
For more details please refer to create and manage Smooth Streaming media content please go to http://www.iis.net/learn/media/on-demand-smooth-streaming/getting-started-with-iis-smooth-streaming.
It’s amazing how easy it now is to get a dedicated Web server on the internet and get started. We just deployed a working and fully configured Smooth Streaming solution to the cloud. Amazing, isn't it?
Let us know what you think about this:Questions or feedback? Send it to firstname.lastname@example.org.