Adding Query Strings That Will Always Be Allowed <add>

Overview

The <add> element of the <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element specifies a unique query string pattern that request filtering will allow. The values in the <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element override the values in the <denyQueryStringSequences> collection.

Compatibility

Version Notes
IIS 8.5 The <add> element was not modified in IIS 8.5.
IIS 8.0 The <add> element was not modified in IIS 8.0.
IIS 7.5 The <add> element of the <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element ships as a feature of IIS 7.5.
IIS 7.0 The <add> element of the <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element was introduced as an update for IIS 7.0 that is available through Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 957508.
IIS 6.0 The <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element is roughly analogous to the [AlwaysAllowedQueryStrings] section that was added to URLScan 3.0.

Setup

The default installation of IIS 7 and later includes the Request Filtering role service or feature. If the Request Filtering role service or feature is uninstalled, you can reinstall it using the following steps.

Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2

  1. On the taskbar, click Server Manager.
  2. In Server Manager, click the Manage menu, and then click Add Roles and Features.
  3. In the Add Roles and Features wizard, click Next. Select the installation type and click Next. Select the destination server and click Next.
  4. On the Server Roles page, expand Web Server (IIS), expand Web Server, expand Security, and then select Request Filtering. Click Next.
    .
  5. On the Select features page, click Next.
  6. On the Confirm installation selections page, click Install.
  7. On the Results page, click Close.

Windows 8 or Windows 8.1

  1. On the Start screen, move the pointer all the way to the lower left corner, right-click the Start button, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows features on or off.
  3. Expand Internet Information Services, expand World Wide Web Services, expand Security, and then select Request Filtering.
  4. Click OK.
  5. Click Close.

Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  1. On the taskbar, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Server Manager.
  2. In the Server Manager hierarchy pane, expand Roles, and then click Web Server (IIS).
  3. In the Web Server (IIS) pane, scroll to the Role Services section, and then click Add Role Services.
  4. On the Select Role Services page of the Add Role Services Wizard, select Request Filtering, and then click Next.
  5. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click Install.
  6. On the Results page, click Close.

Windows Vista or Windows 7

  1. On the taskbar, click Start, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows Features on or off.
  3. Expand Internet Information Services, then World Wide Web Services, and then Security.
  4. Select Request Filtering, and then click OK.

How To

How to allow a query string sequence

  1. Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager:
    • If you are using Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2:
      • On the taskbar, click Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows 8 or Windows 8.1:
      • Hold down the Windows key, press the letter X, and then click Control Panel.
      • Click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2:
      • On the taskbar, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows Vista or Windows 7:
      • On the taskbar, click Start, and then click Control Panel.
      • Double-click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
  2. In the Connections pane, go to the connection, site, application, or directory for which you want to modify your request filtering settings.
  3. In the Home pane, double-click Request Filtering.
  4. In the Request Filtering pane, click the Query Strings tab, and then click Allow Query String... in the Actions pane.
  5. In the Allow Query String dialog box, enter the query string sequence that you wish to block, and then click OK.

Configuration

The <add> element of the <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element is configured at the site, application, or directory level.

Attributes

Attribute Description
queryString Optional string attribute.

Specifies a query string to always allow.

There is no default value.

Child Elements

None.

Configuration Sample

The following sample illustrates a combination of a <denyQueryStringSequences> element and an <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings> element that will deny any query strings if they contain either of two specific character sequences, but will always allow a specific query string that contains both of those two specific character sequences in a particular order.

<system.webServer>
   <security>
      <requestFiltering>
         <denyQueryStringSequences>
            <add sequence="bad" />
            <add sequence="sequence" />
         </denyQueryStringSequences>
         <alwaysAllowedQueryStrings>
            <add queryString="bad=sequence" />
         </alwaysAllowedQueryStrings>
      </requestFiltering>
   </security>
</system.webServer>

Sample Code

The following examples demonstrate how to add a query string that will always be allowed on the Default Web Site.

AppCmd.exe

appcmd.exe set config "Default Web Site" -section:system.webServer/security/requestFiltering /+"alwaysAllowedQueryStrings.[queryString='allowed=sequence']"

C#

using System;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Web.Administration;
internal static class Sample { private static void Main() { using (ServerManager serverManager = new ServerManager()) { Configuration config = serverManager.GetWebConfiguration("Default Web Site"); ConfigurationSection requestFilteringSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/security/requestFiltering"); ConfigurationElementCollection alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection = requestFilteringSection.GetCollection("alwaysAllowedQueryStrings"); ConfigurationElement addElement = alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.CreateElement("add"); addElement["queryString"] = @"allowed=sequence"; alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.Add(addElement); serverManager.CommitChanges(); } } }

VB.NET

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports Microsoft.Web.Administration
Module Sample Sub Main() Dim serverManager As ServerManager = New ServerManager Dim config As Configuration = serverManager.GetWebConfiguration("Default Web Site") Dim requestFilteringSection As ConfigurationSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/security/requestFiltering") Dim alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection As ConfigurationElementCollection = requestFilteringSection.GetCollection("alwaysAllowedQueryStrings") Dim addElement As ConfigurationElement = alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.CreateElement("add") addElement("queryString") = "allowed=sequence" alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.Add(addElement) serverManager.CommitChanges() End Sub End Module

JavaScript

var adminManager = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager');
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site";
var requestFilteringSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/security/requestFiltering", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site");

var alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection = requestFilteringSection.ChildElements.Item("alwaysAllowedQueryStrings").Collection;
var addElement = alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.CreateNewElement("add");
addElement.Properties.Item("queryString").Value = "allowed=sequence";
alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.AddElement(addElement);

adminManager.CommitChanges();

VBScript

Set adminManager = createObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager")
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site"
Set requestFilteringSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/security/requestFiltering", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site")

Set alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection = requestFilteringSection.ChildElements.Item("alwaysAllowedQueryStrings").Collection
Set addElement = alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.CreateNewElement("add")
addElement.Properties.Item("queryString").Value = "allowed=sequence"
alwaysAllowedQueryStringsCollection.AddElement(addElement)

adminManager.CommitChanges()
Deprecated Elements