Deny by Request Rate <denyByRequestRate>

Overview

The <denyByRequestRate> element specifies that a remote client will be blocked if the number of requests received over a period of time exceeds a specific number.

Compatibility

Version Notes
IIS 8.5 The <denyByRequestRate> element was not modified in IIS 8.5.
IIS 8.0 The <denyByRequestRate> element was introduced in IIS 8.0.
IIS 7.5 N/A
IIS 7.0 N/A
IIS 6.0 N/A

Setup

To support blocking a client on your Web server by the number of requests received, you must install the IP and Domain Restrictions role service.

Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2

  1. On the taskbar, click Server Manager.
  2. In Server Manager, click the Manage menu, and then click Add Roles and Features.
  3. In the Add Roles and Features wizard, click Next. Select the installation type and click Next. Select the destination server and click Next.
  4. On the Server Roles page, expand Web Server (IIS), expand Web Server, expand Security, and then select IP and Domain Restrictions. Click Next.
    .
  5. On the Select features page, click Next.
  6. On the Confirm installation selections page, click Install.
  7. On the Results page, click Close.

Windows 8 or Windows 8.1

  1. On the Start screen, move the pointer all the way to the lower left corner, right-click the Start button, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows features on or off.
  3. Expand Internet Information Services, expand World Wide Web Services, expand Security, and then select IP Security.
  4. Click OK.
  5. Click Close.

How To

How to deny an IP address by request rate

  1. Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager:
    • If you are using Windows Server 2012 or later:
      • On the taskbar, click Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows 8 or later:
      • Hold down the Windows key, press the letter X, and then click Control Panel.
      • Click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
  2. In the Connections pane, select the server name to add dynamic IP restrictions for the server, or expand Sites and then select a site to add dynamic IP restrictions for the site.
  3. In the Home pane, double-click the IP Address and Domain Restrictions feature.
  4. In the Actions pane, click Edit Dynamic Restriction Settings....
  5. In the Dynamic IP Restriction Settings dialog box, select Deny IP Address based on the number of requests over a period of time, enter the maximum number of requests, enter the time period (in milliseconds) that is used to determine the request rate, and then click OK.

Configuration

The <denyByRequestRate> element is configured at the server or site level.

Attributes

Attribute Description
enabled Optional Boolean attribute.

Enables a remote client to be blocked based on the number of requests received over a period of time.

The default value is false.
maxRequests Optional uint attribute.

The number of requests received from a specific client over a specified period of time that will result in the client being blocked (if the check is enabled).

The default value is 20.
requestIntervalInMilliseconds Optional uint attribute.

The period of time (in milliseconds) that is used to determine the request rate for a specific client. This rate is used to determine whether the receive rate exceeds that the maximum specified, resulting in the client being blocked (if the check is enabled).

The default value is 200.

Child Elements

None.

Configuration Sample

The following configuration sample demonstrates how to set dynamic IP address restrictions.

<system.webServer>
   <security>
      <dynamicIpSecurity enableLoggingOnlyMode="true">
         <denyByConcurrentRequests enabled="true" maxConcurrentRequests="10" />
         <denyByRequestRate enabled="true" maxRequests="30" 
            requestIntervalInMilliseconds="300" />
      </dynamicIpSecurity>
   </security>
</system.webServer>

Sample Code

The following examples configure <dynamicIpSecurity> for a site.

AppCmd.exe

appcmd.exe set config "Default Web Site" -section:system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity /denyAction:"Unauthorized" /enableProxyMode:"True" /enableLoggingOnlyMode:"True"  /commit:apphost
appcmd.exe set config "Default Web Site" -section:system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity /denyByConcurrentRequests.enabled:"True" /denyByConcurrentRequests.maxConcurrentRequests:"10" /commit:apphost
appcmd.exe set config "Default Web Site" -section:system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity /denyByRequestRate.enabled:"True" /denyByRequestRate.maxRequests:"25" /denyByRequestRate.requestIntervalInMilliseconds:"210"  /commit:apphost

Note: You must be sure to set the commit parameter to apphost when using AppCmd.exe to configure these settings. This commits the configuration settings to the appropriate location section in the ApplicationHost.config file.

C#

using System;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Web.Administration;

internal static class Sample {

    private static void Main() {
        
        using(ServerManager serverManager = new ServerManager()) { 
            Configuration config = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration();
            
            ConfigurationSection dynamicIpSecuritySection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity", "Default Web Site");
            dynamicIpSecuritySection["denyAction"] = @"Forbidden";
            dynamicIpSecuritySection["enableProxyMode"] = true;
            dynamicIpSecuritySection["enableLoggingOnlyMode"] = true;
            
            ConfigurationElement denyByConcurrentRequestsElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.GetChildElement("denyByConcurrentRequests");
            denyByConcurrentRequestsElement["enabled"] = true;
            denyByConcurrentRequestsElement["maxConcurrentRequests"] = 10;
            
            ConfigurationElement denyByRequestRateElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.GetChildElement("denyByRequestRate");
            denyByRequestRateElement["enabled"] = true;
            denyByRequestRateElement["maxRequests"] = 10;
            denyByRequestRateElement["requestIntervalInMilliseconds"] = 10;
            
            serverManager.CommitChanges();
        }
    }
}

VB.NET

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports Microsoft.Web.Administration
Module Sample

   Sub Main()
      Dim serverManager As ServerManager = New ServerManager
      Dim config As Configuration = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration
      Dim dynamicIpSecuritySection As ConfigurationSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity", "Default Web Site")
      dynamicIpSecuritySection("denyAction") = "Forbidden"
      dynamicIpSecuritySection("enableProxyMode") = true
      dynamicIpSecuritySection("enableLoggingOnlyMode") = true
      Dim denyByConcurrentRequestsElement As ConfigurationElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.GetChildElement("denyByConcurrentRequests")
      denyByConcurrentRequestsElement("enabled") = true
      denyByConcurrentRequestsElement("maxConcurrentRequests") = 10
      Dim denyByRequestRateElement As ConfigurationElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.GetChildElement("denyByRequestRate")
      denyByRequestRateElement("enabled") = true
      denyByRequestRateElement("maxRequests") = 10
      denyByRequestRateElement("requestIntervalInMilliseconds") = 10
      serverManager.CommitChanges
   End Sub
End Module

JavaScript

var adminManager = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager');
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST";

var dynamicIpSecuritySection = adminManager.GetAdminSection ("system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site");
dynamicIpSecuritySection.Properties.Item("denyAction").Value = "Unauthorized";
dynamicIpSecuritySection.Properties.Item("enableProxyMode").Value = true;
dynamicIpSecuritySection.Properties.Item("enableLoggingOnlyMode").Value = true;
var denyByConcurrentRequestsElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.ChildElements.Item("denyByConcurrentRequests");
denyByConcurrentRequestsElement.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true;
denyByConcurrentRequestsElement.Properties.Item("maxConcurrentRequests").Value = 10;
var denyByRequestRateElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.ChildElements.Item("denyByRequestRate");
denyByRequestRateElement.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true;
denyByRequestRateElement.Properties.Item("maxRequests").Value = 25;
denyByRequestRateElement.Properties.Item("requestIntervalInMilliseconds").Value = 210;

adminManager.CommitChanges();

VBScript

Set adminManager = CreateObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager")
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST"

Set dynamicIpSecuritySection = adminManager.GetAdminSection ("system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site")
dynamicIpSecuritySection.Properties.Item("denyAction").Value = "Unauthorized"
dynamicIpSecuritySection.Properties.Item("enableProxyMode").Value = true
dynamicIpSecuritySection.Properties.Item("enableLoggingOnlyMode").Value = true
Set denyByConcurrentRequestsElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.ChildElements.Item ("denyByConcurrentRequests")
denyByConcurrentRequestsElement.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true
denyByConcurrentRequestsElement.Properties.Item("maxConcurrentRequests").Value = 10
Set denyByRequestRateElement = dynamicIpSecuritySection.ChildElements.Item("denyByRequestRate")
denyByRequestRateElement.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true
denyByRequestRateElement.Properties.Item("maxRequests").Value = 25
denyByRequestRateElement.Properties.Item("requestIntervalInMilliseconds").Value = 210

adminManager.CommitChanges()

PowerShell

Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity" -name "denyAction" -value "Unauthorized"
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity" -name "enableProxyMode" -value "True"
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity" -name "enableLoggingOnlyMode" -value "True"
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity/denyByConcurrentRequests" -name "enabled" -value "True"
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity/denyByConcurrentRequests" -name "maxConcurrentRequests" -value 20
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity/denyByRequestRate" -name "enabled" -value "True"
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity/denyByRequestRate" -name "maxRequests" -value 20
Set-WebConfigurationProperty -pspath 'MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST' -location 'Default Web Site' -filter "system.webServer/security/dynamicIpSecurity/denyByRequestRate" -name "requestIntervalInMilliseconds" -value 20

Deprecated Elements