Adding Management Authentication Providers <add>

Overview

The <add> element of the <providers> element adds an authentication provider to the collection of management authentication providers for Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.

Note: The default authentication provider, ConfigurationAuthenticationProvider, uses the IIS Administration.config file to store IIS Manager user credentials for IIS Manager.

Compatibility

Version Notes
IIS 8.5 The <add> element was not modified in IIS 8.5.
IIS 8.0 The <add> element was not modified in IIS 8.0.
IIS 7.5 The <add> element was not modified in IIS 7.5.
IIS 7.0 The <add> element of the <providers> element was introduced in IIS 7.0.
IIS 6.0 N/A

Setup

The default installation of IIS 7 and later does not include the Management Service role service. To install this role service, use the following steps.

Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2

  1. On the taskbar, click Server Manager.
  2. In Server Manager, click the Manage menu, and then click Add Roles and Features.
  3. In the Add Roles and Features wizard, click Next. Select the installation type and click Next. Select the destination server and click Next.
  4. On the Server Roles page, expand Web Server (IIS), expand Management Tools, and then select Management Service. Click Next.
    .
  5. On the Select features page, click Next.
  6. On the Confirm installation selections page, click Install.
  7. On the Results page, click Close.

Windows 8 or Windows 8.1

  1. On the Start screen, move the pointer all the way to the lower left corner, right-click the Start button, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows features on or off.
  3. Expand Internet Information Services, expand Web Management Tools, and then select IIS Management Service.
  4. Click OK.
  5. Click Close.

Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  1. On the taskbar, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Server Manager.
  2. In the Server Manager hierarchy pane, expand Roles, and then click Web Server (IIS).
  3. In the Web Server (IIS) pane, scroll to the Role Services section, and then click Add Role Services.
  4. On the Select Role Services page of the Add Role Services Wizard, select Management Service, and then click Next.
  5. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click Install.
  6. On the Results page, click Close.

Windows Vista or Windows 7

  1. On the taskbar, click Start, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows Features on or off.
  3. Expand Internet Information Services, then Web Management Tool.
  4. Select IIS Management Service, and then click OK.

How To

There is no user interface for configuring the <providers> element of the <authentication> element for IIS 7. For examples of how to configure the <providers> element of the <authentication> element programmatically, see the Code Samples section of this document.

Configuration

Attributes

Attribute Description
name Required string attribute.

Specifies the name of the authentication provider.
type Required string attribute.

Specifies the managed type of the authentication provider.

Child Elements

None.

Configuration Sample

The following default <providers> element under the <authentication> element is configured in the Administration.config file in IIS 7 when the Management Service role service is installed.

<authentication defaultProvider="ConfigurationAuthenticationProvider">
   <providers>
      <add name="ConfigurationAuthenticationProvider"
         type="Microsoft.Web.Management.Server.ConfigurationAuthenticationProvider, Microsoft.Web.Management, Version=7.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35" />
   </providers>
</authentication>

Sample Code

Note: The examples in this document illustrate using a managed-code assembly that has been stored in the .NET Global Assembly Cache (GAC). Before using the code in these examples to deploy your own assemblies, you need to retrieve the assembly information from the GAC. To do so, use the following steps:

  • In Windows Explorer, open your C:\Windows\assembly path, where C: is your operating system drive.
  • Locate your assembly.
  • Right-click the assembly and click Properties.
  • Copy the Culture value; for example: Neutral.
  • Copy the Version number; for example: 1.0.0.0.
  • Copy the Public Key Token value; for example: 426f62526f636b73.
  • Click Cancel.

The following code examples add an authentication provider named ContosoAuthenticationProvider to the collection of management authentication providers, and set the default authentication provider to ContosoAuthenticationProvider.

AppCmd.exe

Note: You cannot configure <system.webServer/Management> settings using AppCmd.exe.

C#

using System;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Web.Administration;

internal static class Sample
{
   private static void Main()
   {
      using (ServerManager serverManager = new ServerManager())
      {
         Configuration config = serverManager.GetAdministrationConfiguration();

         ConfigurationSection authenticationSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/management/authentication");
         ConfigurationElementCollection providersCollection = authenticationSection.GetCollection("providers");
         ConfigurationElement addElement = providersCollection.CreateElement("add");
         addElement["name"] = @"ContosoAuthenticationProvider";
         addElement["type"] = @"Contoso.Provider, System.Web, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=426f62526f636b73";
         providersCollection.Add(addElement);
         authenticationSection["defaultProvider"] = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider";

         serverManager.CommitChanges();
      }
   }
}

VB.NET

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports Microsoft.Web.Administration

Module Sample

   Sub Main()
      Dim serverManager As ServerManager = New ServerManager
      Dim config As Configuration = serverManager.GetAdministrationConfiguration

      Dim authenticationSection As ConfigurationSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/management/authentication")
      Dim providersCollection As ConfigurationElementCollection = authenticationSection.GetCollection("providers")
      Dim addElement As ConfigurationElement = providersCollection.CreateElement("add")
      addElement("name") = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider"
      addElement("type") = "Contoso.Provider, System.Web, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=426f62526f636b73"
      providersCollection.Add(addElement)
      authenticationSection("defaultProvider") = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider"

      serverManager.CommitChanges()
   End Sub

End Module

JavaScript

var adminManager = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager"); 
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT"; 
adminManager.SetMetadata("pathMapper", "AdministrationConfig");

var authenticationSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/management/authentication", "MACHINE/WEBROOT"); 
var providersCollection = authenticationSection.ChildElements.Item("providers").Collection;

var addElement = providersCollection.CreateNewElement("add");
addElement.Properties.Item("name").Value = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider";
addElement.Properties.Item("type").Value = "Contoso.Provider, System.Web, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=426f62526f636b73";
providersCollection.AddElement(addElement);
authenticationSection.Properties.Item("defaultProvider").Value = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider";

adminManager.CommitChanges();

VBScript

Set adminManager = WScript.CreateObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager")
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT"
adminManager.SetMetadata "pathMapper", "AdministrationConfig"

Set authenticationSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/management/authentication", "MACHINE/WEBROOT")
Set providersCollection = authenticationSection.ChildElements.Item("providers").Collection

Set addElement = providersCollection.CreateNewElement("add")
addElement.Properties.Item("name").Value = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider"
addElement.Properties.Item("type").Value = "Contoso.Provider, System.Web, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=426f62526f636b73"
providersCollection.AddElement(addElement)
authenticationSection.Properties.Item("defaultProvider").Value = "ContosoAuthenticationProvider"

adminManager.CommitChanges()
Deprecated Elements