Adding Static Types <add>

Overview

The <add> element of the <staticTypes> element adds a unique MIME type to the list of types that IIS 7 will compress statically.

Note: Unlike the IIS 6.0 HcFileExtensions metabase property that defined specific file name extensions as "static content," IIS 7 uses the <staticTypes> element to specify which MIME types IIS 7 will compress statically, and it uses mappings in the <handlers> element to specify which file name extensions refer to static or dynamic content.

Compatibility

Version Notes
IIS 7.5 The <add> element was not modified in IIS 7.5.
IIS 7.0 The <add> element of the <staticTypes> element was introduced in IIS 7.0.
IIS 6.0 The <staticTypes> element is somewhat analogous to the IIS 6.0 HcFileExtensions metabase property.

Setup

HTTP compression is usually available on the default installation of IIS 7. However, only static compression is installed by default. To install static or dynamic compression, use the following steps.

Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  1. On the taskbar, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Server Manager.
  2. In the Server Manager hierarchy pane, expand Roles, and then click Web Server (IIS).
  3. In the Web Server (IIS) pane, scroll to the Role Services section, and then click Add Role Services.
  4. On the Select Role Services page of the Add Role Services Wizard, select Dynamic Content Compression if you want to install dynamic compression and Static Content Compression if you want to install static compression, and then click Next.

  5. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click Install.
  6. On the Results page, click Close.

Windows Vista or Windows 7

  1. On the taskbar, click Start, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs and Features, and then click Turn Windows Features on or off.
  3. Expand Internet Information Services, then World Wide Web Services, then Performance Features.
  4. Select Http Compression Dynamic if you want to install dynamic compression and Static Content Compression if you want to install static compression.

  5. Click OK.

How To

There is no user interface for setting the static content types for IIS 7. For examples of how to set the static content types programmatically, see the Code Samples section of this document.

Configuration

Attributes

Attribute Description
enabled Required Boolean attribute.

Specifies whether a new MIME type can use static compression.

The default value is true.
mimeType Required string attribute.

Specifies the name of the MIME type, also called the content type, that uses static compression.

Child Elements

None.

Configuration Sample

The following default <httpCompression> element is configured in the ApplicationHost.config file in IIS 7. This configuration section inherits the default configuration settings unless you use the <clear> element.

<httpCompression
      directory="%SystemDrive%\inetpub\temp\IIS Temporary Compressed Files">
   <scheme name="gzip" dll="%Windir%\system32\inetsrv\gzip.dll" />
   <dynamicTypes>
      <add mimeType="text/*" enabled="true" />
      <add mimeType="message/*" enabled="true" />
      <add mimeType="application/javascript" enabled="true" />
      <add mimeType="*/*" enabled="false" />
   </dynamicTypes>
   <staticTypes>
      <add mimeType="text/*" enabled="true" />
      <add mimeType="message/*" enabled="true" />
      <add mimeType="application/javascript" enabled="true" />
      <add mimeType="*/*" enabled="false" />
   </staticTypes>
</httpCompression>

Sample Code

The following code samples will add the MIME types for Office 2003 documents to the list of static compression types.

(Note: Office 2007 documents use built-in compression, so they do not need to be compressed by IIS.)

AppCmd.exe

appcmd.exe set config -section:system.webServer/httpCompression /+"staticTypes.[mimeType='application/msword',enabled='True']" /commit:apphost

appcmd.exe set config -section:system.webServer/httpCompression /+"staticTypes.[mimeType='application/vnd.ms-powerpoint',enabled='True']" /commit:apphost

appcmd.exe set config -section:system.webServer/httpCompression /+"staticTypes.[mimeType='application/vnd.ms-excel',enabled='True']" /commit:apphost

Note: You must be sure to set the commit parameter to apphost when you use AppCmd.exe to configure these settings. This commits the configuration settings to the appropriate location section in the ApplicationHost.config file.

C#

using System;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Web.Administration;

internal static class Sample
{
   private static void Main()
   {
      using (ServerManager serverManager = new ServerManager())
      {
         Configuration config = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration();
         ConfigurationSection httpCompressionSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/httpCompression");
         ConfigurationElementCollection staticTypesCollection = httpCompressionSection.GetCollection("staticTypes");

         ConfigurationElement addElement = staticTypesCollection.CreateElement("add");
         addElement["mimeType"] = @"application/msword";
         addElement["enabled"] = true;
         staticTypesCollection.Add(addElement);

         ConfigurationElement addElement1 = staticTypesCollection.CreateElement("add");
         addElement1["mimeType"] = @"application/vnd.ms-powerpoint";
         addElement1["enabled"] = true;
         staticTypesCollection.Add(addElement1);

         ConfigurationElement addElement2 = staticTypesCollection.CreateElement("add");
         addElement2["mimeType"] = @"application/vnd.ms-excel";
         addElement2["enabled"] = true;
         staticTypesCollection.Add(addElement2);

         serverManager.CommitChanges();
      }
   }
}

VB.NET

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports Microsoft.Web.Administration

Module Sample

   Sub Main()
      Dim serverManager As ServerManager = New ServerManager
      Dim config As Configuration = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration
      Dim httpCompressionSection As ConfigurationSection = config.GetSection("system.webServer/httpCompression")
      Dim staticTypesCollection As ConfigurationElementCollection = httpCompressionSection.GetCollection("staticTypes")

      Dim addElement As ConfigurationElement = staticTypesCollection.CreateElement("add")
      addElement("mimeType") = "application/msword"
      addElement("enabled") = True
      staticTypesCollection.Add(addElement)

      Dim addElement1 As ConfigurationElement = staticTypesCollection.CreateElement("add")
      addElement1("mimeType") = "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint"
      addElement1("enabled") = True
      staticTypesCollection.Add(addElement1)

      Dim addElement2 As ConfigurationElement = staticTypesCollection.CreateElement("add")
      addElement2("mimeType") = "application/vnd.ms-excel"
      addElement2("enabled") = True
      staticTypesCollection.Add(addElement2)

      serverManager.CommitChanges()
   End Sub

End Module

JavaScript

var adminManager = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager');
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST";
var httpCompressionSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/httpCompression", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST");
var staticTypesCollection = httpCompressionSection.ChildElements.Item("staticTypes").Collection;

var addElement = staticTypesCollection.CreateNewElement("add");
addElement.Properties.Item("mimeType").Value = "application/msword";
addElement.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true;
staticTypesCollection.AddElement(addElement);

var addElement1 = staticTypesCollection.CreateNewElement("add");
addElement1.Properties.Item("mimeType").Value = "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint";
addElement1.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true;
staticTypesCollection.AddElement(addElement1);

var addElement2 = staticTypesCollection.CreateNewElement("add");
addElement2.Properties.Item("mimeType").Value = "application/vnd.ms-excel";
addElement2.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = true;
staticTypesCollection.AddElement(addElement2);

adminManager.CommitChanges();

VBScript

Set adminManager = WScript.CreateObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager")
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST"
Set httpCompressionSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/httpCompression", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST")
Set staticTypesCollection = httpCompressionSection.ChildElements.Item("staticTypes").Collection

Set addElement = staticTypesCollection.CreateNewElement("add")
addElement.Properties.Item("mimeType").Value = "application/msword"
addElement.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = True
staticTypesCollection.AddElement(addElement)

Set addElement1 = staticTypesCollection.CreateNewElement("add")
addElement1.Properties.Item("mimeType").Value = "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint"
addElement1.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = True
staticTypesCollection.AddElement(addElement1)

Set addElement2 = staticTypesCollection.CreateNewElement("add")
addElement2.Properties.Item("mimeType").Value = "application/vnd.ms-excel"
addElement2.Properties.Item("enabled").Value = True
staticTypesCollection.AddElement(addElement2)

adminManager.CommitChanges()
Deprecated Elements