Virtual Directory Defaults for All Sites <virtualDirectoryDefaults>

Overview

The <virtualDirectoryDefaults> element of the <sites> element specifies default settings for all virtual directories on the server. The <virtualDirectoryDefaults> element is useful for defining the common attributes that you want all virtual directories on your server to implicitly share when they do not have explicitly-defined attributes.

Note: If the same attribute or child element is configured in both the <virtualDirectoryDefaults> section and in the <virtualDirectory> section for a specific virtual directory, the configuration in the <virtualDirectory> section is used for that virtual directory.

Compatibility

Version Notes
IIS 7.5 The <virtualDirectoryDefaults> element was not modified in IIS 7.5.
IIS 7.0 The <virtualDirectoryDefaults> element of the <sites> element was introduced in IIS 7.0.
IIS 6.0 N/A

Setup

The <virtualDirectoryDefaults> element of the <sites> element is included in the default installation of IIS 7.

How To

How to configure the default virtual directory credentials for a server

  1. Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager:
    • If you are using Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2:
      • On the taskbar, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
    • If you are using Windows Vista or Windows 7:
      • On the taskbar, click Start, and then click Control Panel.
      • Double-click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
  2. In the Connections pane, expand the server name, then click the Sites node.
  3. In the server's Sites pane, click Set Web Site Defaults... in the Actions pane.

  4. In the Web Site Defaults dialog box, specify your default virtual directory credentials for all Web sites, and then click OK.

Configuration

Attributes

Attribute Description
allowSubDirConfig Optional Boolean attribute.

Specifies whether IIS looks for Web.config files in content directories lower in the directory hierarchy than the current level (true) or does not look for Web.config files in content directories lower than the current level (false).

The default value is true.
logonMethod Optional enum attribute.

Specifies the default logon method for all virtual directories on the server.

The logonMethod attribute can have one of the following possible values. The default is ClearText.
Value Description
Batch This logon type is intended for batch servers, where processes may be executing on behalf of a user without that user's direct intervention.

The numeric value is 1.
ClearText This logon type preserves the name and password in the authentication package. This allows the server to make connections to other network servers while impersonating the client.

The numeric value is 3.
Interactive This logon type is intended for users who will be using the computer interactively.

The numeric value is 0.
Network This logon type is intended for high performance servers that authenticate plaintext passwords. Credentials are not cached for this logon type.

The numeric value is 2.
For more information about these values, see LogonUser on the MSDN site.
password Optional string attribute.

Specifies the password associated with the user name.

Note: To avoid storing unencrypted password strings in configuration files, always use AppCmd.exe or IIS Manager to enter passwords. If you use these management tools, the password strings will be encrypted automatically before they are written to the XML configuration files. This provides better password security than storing unencrypted passwords.
path Optional string attribute.

Specifies the default virtual path of all virtual directories on the server.
physicalPath Optional string attribute.

Specifies the default physical path of all virtual directories on the server.
userName Optional string attribute.

Specifies the default user name of an account that can access configuration files and content for all virtual directories on the server.

Child Elements

None.

Configuration Sample

The following configuration sample specifies the default logon method for all virtual directories on the server.

<sites>
   <virtualDirectoryDefaults logonMethod="Network" />
</sites>

Sample Code

The following code samples specify the default logon method for all virtual directories on the server.

AppCmd.exe

appcmd.exe set config -section:system.applicationHost/sites /virtualDirectoryDefaults.logonMethod:"Network" /commit:apphost

Note: You must be sure to set the commit parameter to apphost when you use AppCmd.exe to configure these settings. This commits the configuration settings to the appropriate location section in the ApplicationHost.config file.

C#

using System;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Web.Administration;

internal static class Sample
{
   private static void Main()
   {
      using (ServerManager serverManager = new ServerManager())
      {
         Configuration config = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration();
         ConfigurationSection sitesSection = config.GetSection("system.applicationHost/sites");

         ConfigurationElement virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement = sitesSection.GetChildElement("virtualDirectoryDefaults");
         virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement["logonMethod"] = @"Network";

         serverManager.CommitChanges();
      }
   }
}

VB.NET

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports Microsoft.Web.Administration

Module Sample

   Sub Main()
      Dim serverManager As ServerManager = New ServerManager
      Dim config As Configuration = serverManager.GetApplicationHostConfiguration
      Dim sitesSection As ConfigurationSection = config.GetSection("system.applicationHost/sites")

      Dim virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement As ConfigurationElement = sitesSection.GetChildElement("virtualDirectoryDefaults")
      virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement("logonMethod") = "Network"

      serverManager.CommitChanges()
   End Sub

End Module

JavaScript

var adminManager = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager');
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST";

var sitesSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.applicationHost/sites", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST");
var virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement = sitesSection.ChildElements.Item("virtualDirectoryDefaults");
virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement.Properties.Item("logonMethod").Value = "Network";

adminManager.CommitChanges();

VBScript

 Set adminManager = WScript.CreateObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager")
adminManager.CommitPath = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST"

Set sitesSection = adminManager.GetAdminSection("system.applicationHost/sites", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST")
Set virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement = sitesSection.ChildElements.Item("virtualDirectoryDefaults")
virtualDirectoryDefaultsElement.Properties.Item("logonMethod").Value = "Network"

adminManager.CommitChanges()
Deprecated Elements